History of EXPO


World Exhibitions (EXPO) are the international events which have been held since the mid-19th century and contribute to communication, dialog and peace between the countries.  Such exhibitions evaluated as the global activities in culture, history and education in one sense bring the countries together and enable the exchange of information for a better world.

Basic goal of the World Exhibitions is to reveal the ideas about the world's future, cultural wealth or projects, to share the scientific and cultural knowledge, thus enabling the development of new ideas and the universal socio-cultural progress, rather than to promote the commercial products. It is regarded that the exhibitions are conformed with the characteristics of the host country/city.

World Exhibitions focus on the universal subjects such as technology, innovation and harmony with the environment and provide the visitors the opportunities that meet their expectations regarding the modern life, by protecting the cultural heritage of their countries.

Exhibitions are open for 90-180 days. They affect the host city, region and country positively within this period. Exhibitions turn the host cities into a brand. Besides, they bring monumental structures to the host cities Eiffel Tower (La Tour Eiffel) in Paris, Vasco de Gama Bridge (Ponte Vasco da Gama ) in Lisbon and Atomium in Brussels are some examples for these structures.

Exhibitions have particular value and meaning for the host city even after they are finished. Today, the exhibition area in Seville was converted into a technopark which includes the technology-producing companies, so it makes contribution to economy of the city and country.

World Exhibitions are organized by International Exhibitions Bureau (Bureau International des Expositions-BIE) the headquarters of which are located in Paris. World Expo is held with a universal theme every 5 years. On the other hand, an International Specialized Expo takes place with a special theme between two World Expos.

BIE has controlled the organization of the International Horticultural Exhibitions which are approved by the International Association of Horticultural Producers (AIPH) after the candidacy of a country and city is accepted by it, since 1960.

Additionally, BIE controlled Milan Triennial Exhibition of Decorative Arts and Modern Architecture which was held with the theme of decorative arts and modern architecture every three years.

Our country became a member of BIE on October 5, 2004. It attended 34 of 63 World Exhibitions that have taken place since 1851. 17 exhibitions belong to the age of Ottoman Empire and 17 were held in the Republic period.


World Exhibitions attended by Turkey:

 1851- London (England)

1862- London (England)

1867- Paris (France)

1873- Wien (Austria)

1876- Philadelphia (U.S.A.)

1878- Paris (France)

1880- Melbourne (Australia)

1888- Barcelona (Spain)

1889- Paris (France)

1893- Chicago (U.S.A.)

1897- Brussels (Belgium)

1900- Paris (France)

1904- Saint Louis (U.S.A.)

1905- Liege (Belgium)

1906- Milan (Italy)

1910- Brussels (Belgium)

1915- San Francisco (U.S.A.)

1935- Brussels (Belgium)

1939- New York (U.S.A.)

1949- Stockholm (Sweden)

1953- Jerusalem

1953- Rome (Italy)

1958- Brussels (Belgium)

1962-Seattle (U.S.A.)        

1970-Osaka (Japan)

1984-New Orleans (U.S.A.)

1985-Tsukuba (Japan)

1992-Seville (Spain)

1993-Taejon (Korea)

1998-Lisbon  (Portugal)

2000-Hannover (Germany)

2005-Aichi (Japan)

2010-Shanghai (PRC)

2015- Milan (Italy)

Turkey will host an International Horticultural Exhibition with "Flower and Child" theme for the first time between April 23, 2016 and October 30, 2016 in Antalya. Preparations are executed by the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock and EXPO 2016 Antalya Agency.  General Commissioner of the Exhibition is Ambassador Erdoğan Kök.

Sub-themes of EXPO 2016 Antalya held with the aim of "A green world for the future generations" were determined as "history", "biodiversity", "sustainability" and "green city."

Symbol and mascots of the exhibition are peony and two children named "Ece" & "Efe", respectively.

“EXPO 2016 Antalya” will take place on a 112-hectare area. In addition to country gardens, Expo area contains Expo Tower symbolizing the historical and important Hadrian's Gate in Antalya, the first Agriculture and Biodiversity Museum of Turkey, Congress Center, Amphitheater, Kids Island  which will host the entertaining and educational activities for children, Science and Technology Center for children, Prairie Area, Expo Lake, terrace in the form of peony which is the symbolic flower of EXPO 2016 Antalya , Expo Hill, Expo Forest, Culture and Art Street and the food areas reflecting our architectural culture. 

The gardens of the participating countries will be open to the visitors.